Changing Root Bridge Election Results
Your BCMSN and CCNP studies will include mastering the details of Spanning Tree Protocol (STP). While you learned some of these details in your CCNA studies, quite a bit of it may be new to you. Before going on to the intermediate and advanced STP features, lets...
The Evil Packet Sniffer
A "Packet Sniffer" is a utility that sniffs without modifying the network's packets in any way. By comparison, a firewall sees all of a computer's packet traffic as well, but it has the ability to block and drop any packets that its programming dictates. Packet sniffers merely watch...
Losing Data Over VPN
Sometimes change is good, sometimes it's bad, and sometimes it's a mixed bag. Such was the case recently when a customer switched a remote office from a 56K line to using a Kerio VPN over Internet connections. The 56K line was slow and expensive, so the switch had...
ColdFusion And Server Monitoring
Unlocking the CF Server Black Box. How to answer questions about your server. How is it doing? What templates/queries are slow? New tool: CF Server Monitor. Monitors requests via all paths (template, CFC, web service, gateway, Flash Remoting) Has minimal performance overhead (normally). Switch on and...
ISIS Router Types
To pass the BSCI exam and earn your CCNP, youŽve got to know ISIS inside and out. There are many similarities between ISIS and OSPF, but one major difference is that ISIS has three different types of routers - Level 1 (L1), Level 2 (L2), and L1/L2. L1 routers are...
Configuring An Access Server
As your CCNA / CCNP home lab expands, an access server such as the Cisco 2509 or 2511 is one of the best investments you can make. In this article, weŽll look at the basic configuration for an access server and discuss how to connect to the other routers and switches...
OSPF Route Redistribution Review
By Chris Bryant
OSPF route redistribution is an important topic on the BSCI exam, and its a topic full of details and defaults that you need to know for the exam room and the job.
To help you pass the BSCI exam, heres a quick review of some of the OSPF route redistribution basics.
To see if a router is an ABR or ASBR, run show ip ospf. This also displays any routes being redistributed into OSPF on this router.
R1#show ip ospf
Routing Process "ospf 1" with ID 220.127.116.11
Supports only single TOS(TOS0) routes
Supports opaque LSA
It is an area border and autonomous system boundary router
Redistributing External Routes from,
connected, includes subnets in redistribution
rip, includes subnets in redistribution
When redistributing RIP into OSPF, the "subnets" option is needed to include subnets in redistribution. When redistributing OSPF into RIP, a seed metric must be specified. (OSPF gives redistributed routes a default metric of 20 - this can be changed, but a seed metric does not have to be set.)
R1(config)#router ospf 1
% Only classful networks will be redistributed
R1(config-router)#redistribute connected subnets
R1(config-router)#redistribute rip subnets
R1(config-router)#redistribute connected metric 1
R1(config-router)#redistribute ospf 1 metric 1
By default, routes redistributed into OSPF are marked as E2 routes. The metric for these routes reflects only the cost of the path from the ASBR to the destination network and does not include the cost of the path from the local router to the ASBR. By contrast, E1 routes include the cost of the entire path from the local router to the destination network.
Continue reading this article.
About the Author:
Chris Bryant, CCIE #12933, is the owner of The Bryant Advantage (www.thebryantadvantage.com), home of FREE CCNA and CCNP tutorials and daily exam questions, as well as The Ultimate CCNA and CCNP Study Packages.
For a FREE copy of his latest e-books, "How To Pass The CCNA" or "How To Pass The CCNP", and for free daily exam question, visit the website and download your copies!